Key Points

Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias are progressive, chronic brain disease that leads to functional and cognitive dependence.  There are several types of dementia including Alzheimer’s disease (50-70% of the cases), vascular, Lewy Bodies, Frontotemporal, Parkinson disease and mixed dementias. 

Files

Dementia: A Brief Overview Handout

Executive Function and Capacity in Older Adults

References

Alzheimer's Association (2012). 2012 Alzheimer's Disease Facts and Figures - Alzheimer's Association. Retrieved from http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec06/ch083/ch083a.html 

Alzheimer's Association (2012). Basics of Alzheimer 's disease: What is it and what you can do. Retrieved from http://www.alz.org/national/documents/brochure_basicsofalz_low.pdf . Accessed November 1, 2013. 

Feldman, H.H., Jacova, C., & Robillard, A. (2009). Diagnosis and Treatment of Dementia. Canadian Medical Association Journal; 178(7):825-836. 

Lawton, M.P., & Brody, E.M. (1969). Assessment of older people: Self-maintaining and instrumental activities of daily living. Gerontologist, 9:179. 

Sheikh, J.L. Yesavage, J.A. (1986) Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS): Recent evidence and development of shorter version. Clinical Gerontologist, 5:165. 

U.S. Preventative Services Task Force (2003). Screening for dementia: recommendations and rationale. Annals of Internal Medicine; 138: 925-926.